Cyril Crevoisier

Cyril Crevoisier
+33 (0)1 69 33 51 35
cyril.crevoisier@lmd.polytechnique.fr
Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique
Ecole Polytechnique
91128 Palaiseau Cedex - France

CNRS Research Scientist (Chargé de Recherche CR1)
Leader of the ABC(t) (Atmosphere, Biosphere, Climate through remote sensing) team of LMD
Chair of the Scientific Advisory Group for Atmospheric Sciences of TOSCA (Earth, Ocean, Continental Surfaces and Atmosphere) committee of CNES.
Co-chair of the ISSWG (IASI/IASI-NG Sounding Science Working Group)
Co-PI of the IASI-NG space mission

Research Activities

My research activities deal with the analysis of measurements of atmospheric radiation made from space by various instruments, especially in the thermal and shortwave infrared, in order to derive information on the evolution and variability of climate variables. A particular focus of my studies concerns the study of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O), and related variables, such as fire emissions, in order to improve our understanding of carbon sources and sinks at the surface.
In that context, I am involved in the design of new space missions, such as the new generation of hyperspectral sounders (IASI-NG of CNES), the active mission Merlin of CNES/DLR, the passive SWIR mission Microcarb of CNES, as well as new measurement techniques, such as the balloon-borne AirCore instrument, and the organization of field campaigns.

Education

  • 2017: Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Université Pierre et Marie Curie
    Title : "Study of the variability and evolution of greenhouse gases with remote sensing from space”
  • 2001-2004: PhD thesis in remote sensing. University of Denis Diderot - Paris VII. Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, CNRS, IPSL.
    Title : "Study of atmospheric CO2 distribution from Aqua/AIRS high spectral resolution infrared observations."
  • 1997-2001: Student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan.
  • 2000-2001: Master degree in remote sensing (D.E.A "Méthodes Physiques en Télédétection"). University of Denis Diderot-Paris VII.
  • 2000: Agrégation of Applied Physic.

Research experience

Teaching courses

  • Since Oct. 2007: In charge of Master courses "Direct and Inverse Radiative Transfert". Master M2 OACOS University Paris VI, Paris VII, Ecole Polytechnique.
  • Since Oct. 2017: Master course " Greenhouse gases: Challenges and Observation". Master STEEM, Ecole polytechnique.
  • 2011: Graduate course MEC522, "Earth Observation: active and passive remote sensing", Ecole polytechnique.
  • Since 2011: Examiner at the Ecole Polytechnique (Correcteur titulaire du concours d'entrée Polytechnique-ENS en Physique & SI).
  • 2001-2004: Graduate Assitant at University Denis Diderot-Paris VII. In charge of courses on optics and electromagnetism.

Professional responsabilities

At national level
  • Since 2014: Chair of the Scientific Advisory Group for Atmospheric Sciences of TOSCA (Earth, Ocean, Continental Surfaces and Atmosphere) committee of CNES.
  • Since 2012: Member of CSOA (Commission Spécialiée Océan-Atmopshère) of CNRS-INSU.
  • Since 2010: Leader of the ABC(t) (Atmosphere, Biosphere, Climate through remote sensing) team of LMD (Staff : 36).
  • Since 2009: PI of the TOSCA IASI-NG project
  • Since 2009: Co-chair of the IASI-NG Scientific Advisory Group to CNES (groupe mission MENINGE)
  • 2002-2004: representative of students in the OSU-IPSL council.
At international level
  • Since 2014: Co-chair of the ISSWG (IASI/IASI-NG Sounding Science Working Group)
  • Since 2007: CNRS representative at the MACC beneficiary committee.
Organization of workshops and conferences
  • Organizer of the workshop on validation of space missions for greenhouse gases (Paris, May 2017).
  • Member of the organizing committee of te 2nd TOSCA workshop (Paris, March 2017).
  • Organizer of 4th IASI International Conference (Antibes, France, April 2016).
  • Organizer of CNES workshop on balloons for Earth observation (Paris, April 2015).
  • Host and organizer of the Methane2015 workshop (Paris, March 2015).
  • Host and organizer of the GEISA2014 workshop (Paris, June 2014).
  • Member of the organizing committee of the 3rd IASI International Conference (Hyères, France, February 2013).
  • Member of the organizing committee of the 7th IWGGMS (Edimbourgh, Scotland, May 2011).
  • Member of the organizing committee of the 2nd IASI International Conference (Sévrier, France, January 2010).

Research projects

National
  • TOSCA/CNES projects: IASI-NG (PI – since 2009), IASI (co-I - since 2007), Merlin (co-I – since 2009), MicroCarb (since 2015), AirCore-HR (PI - since 2012).
  • ANR: TropFire (PI – since 2010)
  • IPSL: Multi-instrument campaigns for GHG à Trainou (PI - 2015-2016).
  • CNES: MAGIC measurement campaigns (PI - since 2017).
European
  • EU FP6: COCO (2004-2006)
  • EU FP7: GEMS (2006-2008), MACC (2008-2010), MACC-II (2011-2014), GEOCARBON (2011-2014)
  • EU H2020: MACC-III (2014-2015, PI CNRS), SCarBo (2017-2020)
  • ESA: CCI-GHG Phase 1 (2012-2013) and Phase 2 (2013-2015).
  • EUMETSAT: ANN CH4 (2015-2016).
  • Copernicus: C3S-GHG (2016-2018).
US
  • DOE-NICCR: "Evaluation of ecosystem carbon dynamics in North America using hourly to decadal data on local to regional scales", 2004-2006.
  • NOAA ESRL/GMD Tall Tower and Aircraft Network, NACP core project, 2004-2007.
Industries
  • Collab. Airbus DS/Ecole polytechnique (PI - 2018-2022).
  • Chaire industrielle ANR Thalès Alenia Space : TRACE (2018-2021).
Space missions
  • co-PI for the IASI-NG mission and co-chair of the CNES/EUMETSAT IASI/IASI-NG Sounding Science Workging Group (ISSWG).
  • Member of the CNES/DLR Scientific Advisory Group for the Merlin mission.
  • Member of CNES Scientific Advisory Group for the MicroCarb mission.
  • Coordination of validation activities for IASI-NG, Merlin and MicroCarb.

Publications

  • Bousquet P., Pierangelo C., Bacour C., Peylin P., Vaittinada P., Ehret G., Bréon F.-M., Chevallier F., Crevoisier C., Armante R., Bès C., Cassé V., Chinaud J., Chomette O., Delahaye T., Edouart D., Estève F., Fix A., Friker A., Gibert F., Kiemle C., Klonecki A., Marshall J., Rairoux P., Wirth M., Alpers M. and Millet B., Error budget for the MEthane Remote LIdar missioN (MERLIN) and its impact on the uncertainties of global to regional methane surface emissions, J. Geophys. Res., Accepted, 2018.
  • Buchwitz M., Reuter M., Schneising O., Bovensmann H., Burrows J.P., Boesch H., Anand J., Parker R., Detmers R.G., Aben I., Hasekamp O.P., Crevoisier C., Armante R., Zehner C., Schepers D., Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Global Satellite Observations of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Methane, Adv. Astronaut. Sci. Technol., doi: 10.1007/s42423-018-0004-6, 2018.
  • Capelle V., Chédin A., Pondrom M., Crevoisier C., Armante R., Crépeau L., and Scott N.A., Infrared dust aerosol optical depth retrieved daily from IASI and comparison with AERONET over the period 2007–2016, Remote Sens. Env., 206, 15–32, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.12.008, 2018.
  • Crevoisier C., Use of Hyperspectral Infrared Radiances to Infer Atmospheric Trace Gases, in Comprehensive Remote Sensing, pp.345–387, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10396-3, 2018
  • Crevoisier C. et Bès C., Magic, une campagne inédite de mesures des gaz à effet de serre, La Météorologie, 102, 5-6, https://doi.org/10.4267/2042/68, 2018.
  • Andrey-Andrés, J., Fourrié, N., Guidard, V., Armante, R., Brunel, P., Crevoisier, C., and Tournier, B.: A simulated observation database to assess the impact of IASI-NG hyperspectral infrared sounder, Atmos. Meas. Tech., https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-2017-266, accepted, 2017.
  • Capelle V., Chédin A., Pondrom M., Crevoisier C., Armante R., Crépeau L. and Scott N. A., A decade of IASI infrared dust aerosol characteristics : comparison with AERONET and analysis of the infrared to visible AOD ratio, Rem. Sens. Env., 206, 15-32, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.12.008, 2017.
  • Ehret G., P. Bousquet, C. Pierangelo, M. Alpers, B. Millet, J. Abshire, H. Bovensmann, J. Burrows, F. Chevallier, P. Ciais, C. Crevoisier, A. Fix, P. Flamant, C. Frankenberg, F. Gibert, B. Heim, M. Heimann, S. Houweling, H. Hubberten, P. Jöckel, K. Law, A. Löw, J. Marshall, A. Augusti-Panareda, S. Payan, C. Prigent, P. Rairoux, T. Sachs, M. Scholze, M. Wirth, MERLIN: A French-German space lidar mission dedicated to atmospheric methane, Remote Sensing, 9(10), 1052; doi:10.3390/rs9101052, 2017.
  • Stevens B., Brogniez H., Kiemle C., Lacour J.-L., Crevoisier C. and Killiani J., Structure and dynamical influence of water vapor in the lower tropical troposphere, Surveys in Geophysics, 1-27, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-017-9420-8, 2017.
  • Engel A., Bönisch H., Ullrich M., Sitals R., Membrive O., Danis F. and Crevoisier C., Mean age of stratospheric air derived from AirCore observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 6825-6838, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-6825-2017, 2017.
  • Saunois, M., and 78 co-authors, Variability and quasi-decadal changes in the methane budget over the period 2000-2012, Atmos. Chem. Phys, 17, 11135-11161, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-11135-2017, 2017.
  • Membrive O., Crevoisier C., Sweeney C., Danis F., Hertzog A., Engel A., Bönisch H. and Picon L., AirCore-HR: A high resolution column sampling to enhance the vertical description of CH4 and CO2, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2163-2181, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-10-2163-2017, 2017.
  • Pernin, J., Vrac, M., Crevoisier, C., and Chédin, A.: Mixture model-based atmospheric air mass classification: a probabilistic view of thermodynamic profiles, Adv. Stat. Clim. Meteorol. Oceanogr., 2, 115-136, doi:10.5194/ascmo-2-115-2016, 2016.
  • Saunois, M., and 78 co-authors, The global methane budget 2000-2012, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 697-751, doi:10.5194/essd-8-697-2016, 2016.
  • Armante R., Scott N. A., Crevoisier C., Capelle V., Crépeau L., Jacquinet N. and Chédin A., Evaluation of spectroscopic databases through radiative transfer simulations compared to observations. Application to the validation of GEISA 2015 with IASI and TCCON, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 327, 180-192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2016.04.004, 2016.
  • Crevoisier C., Clerbaux C., Vandermarcq O. and Deniel D., La mission IASI au service de l'étude du climat et des phénomènes de pollution atmosphérique, Report to COSPAR 2015, Edited by CNES, 2016.
  • Jacquinet-Husson N., Armante R., Scott, N. A., Chédin A., Crépeau L., Boutammine C., Bouhdaoui A., Crevoisier C., Capelle V., Boonne C., Poulet-Crovisier N., Barbe A., Benner D. C., Boudon V., Brown L. R., Buldyreva J., Campargue A., Coudert L. H., Devi V. M., Down M. J., Drouin B. J., et al., The 2015 edition of the GEISA spectroscopic database, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 327, 31-72, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jms.2016.06.007, 2016.
  • Buchwitz, M., M. Reuter, O. Schneising, H. Boesch, S. Guerlet, B. Dils, I. Aben, R. Armante, P. Bergamaschi, T. Blumenstock, H. Bovensmann, D. Brunner, B. Buchmann, J. P. Burrows, A. Butz, A. Chédin, F. Chevallier, C. D. Crevoisier, N. M. Deutscher, C. Frankenberg, F. Hase, O. P. Hasekamp, J. Heymann, T. Kaminski, A. Laeng, G. Lichtenberg, M. De Mazière, S. Noël, J. Notholt, J. Orphal, C. Popp, R. Parker, M. Scholze, R. Sussmann, G. P. Stiller, T. Warneke, C. Zehner, A. Bril, D. Crisp, D. W. T. Griffith, A. Kuze, C. O'Dell, S. Oshchepkov, V. Sherlock, H. Suto, P. Wennberg, D. Wunch, T. Yokota, Y. Yoshida, The Greenhouse Gas Climate Change Initiative (GHG-CCI): comparison and quality assessment of near-surface-sensitive satellite-derived CO2 and CH4 global data sets, Rem. Sens. Env., 162, 344-362, 10.1016/j.rse.2013.04.024, 2015.
  • Crevoisier C., IASI, an extraordinary asset to monitor essential climate variables - Iasi, un atout extraordinaire pour le suivi des variables climatiques essentielles, Report to COSPAR 2014, Edited by CNES, 2015.
  • Membrive O., Crevoisier C., Hertzog A., Danis F., Sourgen D., Barbé B., Amarouche N., Samaké J.-C., Frérot F., Durry G., Joly L., Decarpenterie T. , Cousin J., Engel A., Bönisch H., Louvel S., Renard J.-B., Des ballons pour le climat, La Météorologie, 91, doi : 10.4267/2042/57848, 2015.
  • Thonat T., Crevoisier C., Scott N.A., Chédin A., Armante R. and Crépeau L., Signature of tropical fires in the diurnal cycle of tropospheric CO as seen from Metop-A/IASI, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 13041-13057, 2015, doi:10.5194/acp-15-13041-2015, 2015.
  • Capelle V., Chédin A., Siméon M., Tsamalis C., Pierangelo C., Pondrom M., Armante R., Crevoisier C., Crépeau L. and Scott. N.A., Evaluation of IASI derived dust aerosols characteristics over the tropical belt, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9343-9362 doi:10.5194/acp-14-9343-2014, 2014.
  • Cressot C., Chevallier F., Bousquet P., Crevoisier C., Dlugokencky E.J., Fortems-Cheiney A., Frankenberg C., Parker R., Pison I., Scheepmaker R.A., Montzka S.A., Krummel P.B., Steele L.P., and Langenfelds R.L., On the consistency between global and regional methane emissions inferred from SCIAMACHY, TANSO-FTS, IASI and surface measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 577-592 doi:10.5194/acp-14-577-2014, 2014.
  • Crevoisier C., Clerbaux C., Guidard V., Phulpin T., Armante R., Barret B., Camy-Peyret C., Chaboureau J.-P., Coheur P.-F., Crépeau L., Dufour G., Labonnote L., Lavanant L., Hadji-Lazaro J., Herbin H., Jacquinet-Husson N., Payan S., Péquignot E., Pierangelo C., Sellitto P., and Stubenrauch C., Towards IASI-New Generation (IASI-NG): impact of improved spectral resolution and radiometric noise on the retrieval of thermodynamic, chemistry and climate variables, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4367-4385, 2014.
  • Crevoisier C., Clerbaux C., Guidard V., Péquignot E. et Pasternak F., IASI-NG : un concentré d'innovations technologiques pour l'étude de l'atmosphère terrestre, La Météorologie, pp. 305, doi : 10.4267/2042/54061, 2014.
  • Massart, S. Agusti-Panareda A., Aben I., Butz A., Chevallier F., Crevoisier C., Engelen R., Frankenberg C., and Hasekamp O., Assimilation of atmospheric methane products in the MACC-II system: from SCIAMACHY to TANSO and IASI, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6139-6158 doi:10.5194/acp-14-6139-2014.
  • Crevoisier C., Le suivi des gaz à effet de serre depuis l'espace : le passif et l'actif, Flash X n°16, Ed. Ecole polytechnique, Juillet 2014.
  • Crevoisier C., Nobileau D., Armante R., Crépeau L., Machida T., Sawa Y., Matsueda H., Schuck T., Thonat T., Pernin J., Scott N.A., and Chédin A., The 2007–2011 evolution of tropical methane in the mid-troposphere as seen from space by MetOp-A/IASI. Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-13-4279-2013, 2013
  • Massart, S. Agusti-Panareda A., Aben I., Butz A., Chevallier F., Crevoisier C., Engelen R., Frankenberg C., and Hasekamp O., Assimilation of atmospheric methane products in the MACC-II system: from SCIAMACHY to TANSO and IASI, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 13, 8023-806413, 8023-8064, 2013
  • Peyridieu S., Chédin A., Capelle V., Tsamalis C., Pierangelo C., Armante R., Crevoisier C., Crépeau L., Siméon M., Ducos F., Scott N.A., Characterization of dust aerosols in the infrared from IASI and comparison with PARASOL, MODIS, MISR, CALIOP, and AERONET observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6065-6082 doi:10.5194/acp-13-6065-2013, 2013
  • Thonat T., Crevoisier C., Scott N.A., Chédin A., Schuck T., Armante R. and Crépeau L., Retrieval of tropospheric CO column from hyperspectral infrared sounders – application to four years of Aqua/AIRS and MetOp-A/IASI, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques doi:10.5194/amt-5-2413-2012, 2012.
  • Foucher P.-Y., Chédin A., Armante R., Boone C. D., Crevoisier C., and Bernath P., First carbon dioxide atmospheric vertical profiles retrieved from space observation using ACE-FTS solar occultation instrument, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2011.
  • Jacquinet-Husson N. and 56 co-authors, The 2009 edition of the GEISA spectroscopic database, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 112, 2395-2445 doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.06.004, 2011.
  • Hilton F. and 42 co-authors, Hyperspectral Earth Observation from IASI, in revision in Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00027.1, 2011.
  • Chédin A., Scott N. A., Ciais P., Rio C., Hourdin F., Crevoisier C., Armante R., Maignan F. and Thonat T., Regional-scale correlation between mid-tropospheric CO2 diurnal variations and fire products over southern Africa, submitted to RSE, 2011.
  • Jacquinet-Husson N. and 56 co-authors, The 2009 edition of the GEISA spectroscopic database, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.06, 2011.
  • Phulpin T., Camy-Peyret C., Taylor J., Clerbaux C., Coheur P., Crevoisier C., Edwards D., Gambacorta A., Guidard V., Hilton F., Jacquinet N., Knuteson R., Lavanant L., McNally T., Matricardi M., Revercomb H., Serio C., Strow L., Schlüssel P., Klaes D., Larigauderie C., Les résultats exceptionnels de Iasi, sondeur atmosphérique hyperspectral de Metop, La Météorologie, 72, 2011
  • Foucher P.-Y., Chédin A., Armante R., Boone C. D., Crevoisier C., and Bernath P., First carbon dioxide atmospheric vertical profiles retrieved from space observation using ACE-FTS solar occultation instrument, Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-11-2455-2011, 2011.
  • Crevoisier C., Sweeney C., Gloor M., Sarmiento J. L., and Tans P. P., Insight on regional US carbon sinks from three-dimensional atmospheric CO2 sampling, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107 (43) 18348-18353, 2010.
  • Crevoisier C., Chédin A., Matsueda H., Machida T., Armante R. and Scott N. A., First year of upper tropospheric integrated content of CO2 from IASI hyperspectral infrared observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 4797-4810, 2009.
  • Crevoisier C., Nobileau D., Fiore A., Armante R., Chédin A., and Scott N. A., Tropospheric methane in the tropics - first year from IASI hyperspectral infrared observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6337-6350, 2009.
  • Shevliakova E., Pacala S. W., Malyshev S., Hurtt G. C., Milly P. C. D., Caspersen J. P., Sentman L. T., Fisk J. P., Wirth C., and Crevoisier C., Carbon cycling under 300 years of land use change: Importance of the secondary vegetation sink, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 23, GB2022, doi:10.1029/2007GB003176, 2009.
  • Stubenrauch C. J, Cros S., Lamquin N., Armante R., Chédin A., Crevoisier C. and Scott N. A., Cloud properties from AIRS and evaluation with CALIPSO, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2008JD009928, 2008.
  • Chédin A., Scott N. A., Armante R., Pierangelo C., Crevoisier C., Fossé O. and Ciais P., A quantitative link between CO2 emissions from tropical vegetation fires and the daily tropospheric excess (DTE) of CO2 seen by NOAA-10 (1987-1991), J. Geophys. Res., D05302, 2008.
  • Rodgers K., Sarmiento J. L., Aumont O., Crevoisier C., de Boyer Montégut C. and Metzl N., A Wintertime Uptake Window for Anthropogenic CO2 in the North Pacific, Global Change Biology, 22, GB2020, 2008.
  • Crevoisier C., Shevliakova E., Gloor M., Wirth C. and Pacala S., Climate and human drivers of fires in the boreal forests: data constrained design of a prognostic model for burned area, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D24112, 2007.
  • Crevoisier C., Gloor M., Gloaguen E., Sarmiento J. L., Horowitz L. W., Sweeney C. and Tans P. P., A direct carbon budgeting approach to infer carbon sources and sinks. Design and synthetic application to complement the NACP observation network, Tellus, 58B, 366-372, 2006.
  • Crevoisier C., Heilliette S., Chédin A., Serrar S., First midtropospheric CO2 concentration retrieval from AIRS observations in the tropics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L17106, 2004.
  • Crevoisier C., Chédin A., Scott N.A., AIRS channel selection for CO2 and other trace-gas retrievals, Q. J .Roy. Meteor. Soc., 129, 2719-2740, 2003.
  • Chédin A., Serrar S., Scott N.A., Crevoisier C., Armante R., First global measurement of midtropospheric CO2 from NOAA polar satellites: Tropical zone, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D18, 4581, 2003.
  • Chédin A., Saunders R., Hollingsworth A., Scott N.A., Matricardi M., Etcheto J., Clerbaux C., Armante R. and Crevoisier C., The feasibility of monitoring CO2 from high resolution infrared sounders, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4064, 2003.
  • Chédin A., Hollingsworth A., Scott N.A., Serrar S., Crevoisier C. and Armante R., Annual and seasonal variations of atmospheric CO2, N2O and CO concentration retrieved from NOAA/TOVS satellite observations, Geophys. Res. Letters, 29, no. 8, 110-114, 2002.

 

 

 

Last update : 2018/09/03

 


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